Swiss major Bank posts multiple significant failure in its 116-year record
January 11, 2023: On Monday, the Swiss National Bank said a failure of 132 billion Swiss francs for the 2022 financial year, which cited preliminary figures.
It represents the most significant loss in the central bank’s 116-year history and equates to almost 18% of Switzerland’s projected gross domestic of 744.5 billion Swiss francs. Its last record loss was 23 billion francs in 2015.
As a result, it will not create its usual payouts to the Swiss administration and member states, with payments to its shareholders also set to be affected. In 2021, the bank reported a 26-billion-franc profit.
Of the losses, 131 billion francs from its present foreign positions and 1 billion from its Swiss franc
were placed amid solid gains created by the franc as flocked to the perceived haven between European volatility.
Since June 2022, the Swiss franc is trading regarding one euro, a level it had only briefly touched in 2015, which is scraping its 1.20 peg to the EU’s currency. Switzerland has attempted to rein in the franc’s strength because of its export-heavy economy. However, analysts have argued Swiss businesses have been able to remain competitive despite increasing franc due to eurozone inflation.
In December, the Swiss National Bank’s interest rates for the third time to 1%. That was to oppose inflation of 3%, well below the euro zone’s inflation price, which remains above 10%.
The SNB was impacted in the year by losses in its stock and bond portfolio during the broader market downturn. However, it gained 400 million francs in its gold holdings.
Karsten Junius, the chief economist at Swiss bank J.Safra Sarasin, said that the central bank’s losses would not alter its monetary policy. He expected one more 100 basis points of hikes, to 2%, this year.
“While the SNB will need to rebuild its valuation reserves, it will take minimum time to witness profits than in the case of the European Central Bank,” he said, which contains that inflation in Switzerland is close to its 2% target than in the eurozone.
“While both central banks are profitable as they can remunerate their liabilities at a lower price than the market, the SNB will profit from higher market interest this year while the ECB is stuck with its low-yielding bonds in its book and will be unprofitable for multiple years.”
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