Designation: Prime Minister
Yingluck Shinawatra (born June 21, 1967, in San Kamphaeng, Thailand) is a Thai businesswoman and politician who served as Thailand’s prime minister from 2011 to 2014. She was the younger sister of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and the country’s first female Prime Minister.
Yingluck was the youngest of nine children born to a prominent Chinese family in Chiang Mai, Northwest Thailand, in the early twentieth century. Her father served in parliament from the late 1960s until the mid-1970s, while her brother held different ministerial positions before becoming Prime Minister in 2001. In September 2006, Thaksin was overthrown in a bloodless military coup.
She then became the president of property developer SC Asset and managing director of Advanced Info Service, both of which were created by her elder brother, Thaksin Shinawatra. He left abroad just before being found guilty in his absence of abusing his office to enrich himself. He has been living in self-imposed exile to avoid serving his prison sentence.
The Pheu Thai Party, which has close ties to Thaksin, nominated Yingluck to run for Prime Minister in the 2011 election in May 2011. On a platform of national healing, poverty eradication, and corporate income tax reduction, she won a resounding victory.
She asked for the dissolution of parliament on December 9, 2013, sparking a snap election after major protests against her government in late 2013, but she continued to operate as caretaker prime minister. Following months of political unrest, Thailand’s Constitutional Court suspended Yingluck Shinawatra as caretaker prime minister and defense minister on May 7, 2014.
Her firing of national security chief Thawil Pliensri in 2011 was judged to be an abuse of power by the court. Following the military takeover in May 2014, Yingluck was detained, along with previous cabinet ministers and political leaders from all parties, and imprisoned at an army camp for a few days as the movement was implemented.
She was charged in 2016 but did not present in court for the decision in August 2017. A warrant for his arrest was issued. She’s said to have fled the nation. She was found guilty in her absence and sentenced to five years in jail in September 2017. She is now said to be in London. Since December 12, 2018, Yingluck has served as chairwoman and legal representative of Shantou International Container Terminals Ltd, a Chinese port operator based in the Shantou Port area of eastern Guangdong.
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